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Abstract


COMPARISON OF DEPRESSION LEVELS OF WOMEN GIVING BIRTH TO FIRST AND SECOND CHILDREN IN THE POSTPARTUM PERIOD

Postpartum Depression is a disorder which appears after giving birth in women. There are many physical and social reasons. The main purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the postpartum depression levels of mothers who had their first and second children. The present study was conducted on women who had given birth in the Obstetrics Department in a private hospital in Şişli-Nisantasi. As a sample, 200 mothers, 100 of which were first birth and 100 of which were second birth, were identified by convenience sampling method. Beck depression scale and Demographic Questionnaire were administered to the mothers. In the analysis of the data, two groups were applied T-test and compared. The correlation between continuous variables such as age, occupation, education level and number of births was examined. In addition, it was determined by using regression analysis whether the variables such as education level, caregiver support, income level questioned in the demographic form had an effect on the depression score. In addition, there was a significant relationship between the number of births and carer support status (X2 = 5,152; p = 0.024 <0.05). As a result of the T-test, depression scores differed significantly according to the number of births of women (t (112) = 5.836; p = 0.000 <0.05). According to T-test results; The depression level of women who gave birth to their first child (x̄ = 22,717) was higher than the depression level of women who gave birth to their second child (x̄ = 13,463).



Keywords
motherhood, depression, postpartum, birth, number of children



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