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Abstract


OPERA PLACES IN ISTANBUL DURING OTTOMAN PERIOD

In the 16th century, Ottoman palace’s contact with polyphonic music and in the 19th century, again during Ottoman period, the appearance of hall music with the companion of instruments such as the piano, violin, violoncello and flute which are the symbols of the European house and from that point a transformation to opera halls could make it possible to mention a music modernization. One of the most important indicators of this process is surely The Rescript of Gulhane and Middle-class of Levantine’s desire to have a westerner entertainment art such as opera during their lives in Pera and their actions to make it possible by following the Europe not only economically, but also in a sociological and cultural way. The increase in the number of concert halls with the coming of opera in Istanbul brings a great richness to people of Istanbul and to the palace life. The setting of important theatre stages and the display of significant music productions in these stages are the great indicators of the modernization of the Ottoman period. However, while a lot of capital cities in Europe were having precautions against the disaster of fire in the understanding of modern urbanization, Ottoman failed to leave a legacy to our day due to big and cruel examples happened in Istanbul where the settlement plan of the city is based on wooden houses (Aracı;2006:175) In this study, introduction of opera art to Ottoman palace that was in the process of modernization and people of Istanbul and the quality, quantity and importance of opera stages created in this regard and in the frame of history and the effect of this process on the palace and people of Ottoman are presented.



Keywords
Opera, Ottoman Period, Modernization



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