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Abstract


THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN OF BEYKOZ PAVILION

Pavilion can be described as small-scale residential units, built for being used while hunting in coppice forest as a recreation area within a naturally enriched environment, sometimes located in out of the town. The pavilions are structures with authentic recreative open areas, correlated with a coppice forest behind it or in which it is located in all conscience. The area where it is located is usually a naturally enriched environment or somewhere in the immediate vicinity of the same. Like many immovable cultural assets, inherited to our generation, bearing the traces of our national culture and history, the pavilions lose their authentic characteristics within the intense urbanization. Serving for various manners of use in the historical process, the pavilion structures are recognized within the unique examples of Turkish open-space culture and garden art with their locations, immediate vicinities, along with the coppice forests and gardens they have. Beykoz Pavilion is one of the rare pavilion structures reaching to date without being exposed to damages in terms of its authentic identity, as one of the interesting examples of Turkish garden art with the architectural characteristics of its period, garden arranging on various elevations. Beykoz “Mecidiye Pavilion” is a pavilion structure placed in a manner seeing the Bosphorus in İstanbul – Beykoz, which owns wide gardens designed in various levels. The pavilion was built for Sultan Abdulmecid as a gift by Kavalali Mehmet Ali Pasha, in line with the designs of Nigoğos and Sarkis Balyan. The building process of the pavilion was started in 1855, which was completed after eleven years in 1866, and presented as a gift to Sultan Abdulaziz, inheriting the throne. Beykoz Pavilion is located on a hill, having a wide view over a 70-decares land. Built over a high sub-basement, the structure is two-storied and masonry. Handed over to TBMM (Grand National Assembly of Turkey) National Palaces Department in 1997, Beykoz Pavilion was subjected to a comprehensive restoration in 2005, and the restoration process was completed in 2011. The pavilion was opened to the public as a museum in 2017. Within the scope of this article, the development in the historical process, plans, frontage characteristics, vegetative landscape design was analyzed, and in line with the obtained findings, a landscape design project offer was designed for Beykoz Pavilion. The objective of this article is to raise awareness on the protection and sustainability of the unique identities of this structure group, examples of which can only be seen from the Ottoman Period, by focusing on the cultural identity based on the design of Beykoz Pavilion and its gardens within an integrative approach on restoration and rehabilitation works. This characteristic of Beykoz Pavilion, substantially conserving its environmental specifications, as a cultural and recreative pavilion structure, was highlighted, as well as discussing the use and utilization opportunities of such historical and cultural values in up-to-date design studies, as a reflection of the Ottoman Culture and the component of a national identity.



Keywords
Pavilions, Beykoz Pavilion, Conservation of the cultural environment, Historical Turkish gardens, Landscape design



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