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Abstract


MEMORIAL PHOTOGRAPHY AFTER DEATH

The concept of death has been a part of art as well as part of life since its inception, and it has been processed many times as subject. After death or postmortem photography were included in the art world chillingly in the Victorian Period. The Victorian Period is a very morbid time in human history. One of the most disturbing traditions of the era is probably post-mortem photography. People have made one last attempt and they have taken pictures of dead bodies of loved ones with the hope of being a memory from them. These photographs are sometimes composed only of the compositions of the deceased person, but sometimes they are photographed together with their families. Today, although this movement is considered to be the product of an extraordinary psychology, it was seen as a final commemoration ceremony for those who loved it. It is known that this is not so simple when it comes to photographing corpses. The kind of make-up tricks, the various tools that will hold the body standing or sitting in position, the drawings made on the photographs in places, the difficult expressions on the face of the body are quite troublesome. Of course, it is imperative that everything is completed without corruption of the corpse's form. Because the shooting process sometimes takes a long time, some chemical solutions have been used to prevent the corpse form from breaking down. After this process the body; dry, odorless, and more vividly similar to the body structure before death. The first photographic image acquisition method used with the invention of the camera was the daguerreotype. People posed with their loved ones who died without moving, without disturbing the expression on the face, they were probably exposed to a process of 15-20 minutes with this imaging technique, which cannot be compared with today's digital photography technology. Historical methodology was used in this research. As a result, why, how and with what psychology the post-mortem souvenir photography, which was thought to have emerged during the Victorian Era, was examined and presented with its visuals.



Keywords
Victorian Period, Memorial Photography, Art, Death.



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