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Abstract


The Effect Of Salt On The Growth Of Plants

One of the most common cultural heritages in the world is rice cultivation. The rice is very valuable crops, which is cultivated in about 150 million hectare in 110 countries around the world, among them 90% are cultivated in Asia, 4% in America, 2% in Africa, and 4% in other islands. Rice (Latin: Oryza) is a single or perennial plant that belongs to the seed. Rice strated growing by people in the years 2000-3000b.c. In Central Asia, the earliest records of early rice cultivation are found in Strabo and Herodotus. The famous “The Silk Road”, originally started from China in the 1st century, came to the largest cultural and trade center in Syrdarya - Otyrar in Kazakhstan. At that time people near the village of Otyrar were engaged in agriculture and livestock farming. These data indicate that the rice has been picked up very early in the past. The most important food crops in Kazakhstan is rice (satіva) was cultivated in the valleys of Syrdarya, Ili and Karatal rivers in Kyzylorda, South Kazakhstan and Almaty regions. Rice is the second largest crop after wheat and the first by crop. If it is used for feed, it is used in perfumery, alcohol, starch and perfume. Paper, cardboard, yarn, bag, cap, mattresses and other items of the highest quality are made of straw. At the same time, rice has an agro-meliorative value for salinization, improvement of wetlands and introduction to agriculture. Rice growth in Kazakhstan, especially Kyzylorda, Almaty and South Kazakhstan regions increased to 130,000 hectares in the 1990s, total production was 519,000 tons in the growth of rice the pests, diseases and weeds significantly reduce its productivity. At the world level, the rice harvest decreased by 14% from pests, and in Kyzylorda region this indicator increased from 8 to 10% in 1970-1985, and in recent years - to 16-18%. Kyzylorda region of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the most promising rice growing region. In 2006, the sown area was more than 70,000 hectares, which was explained by the rice potential of sowing, favorable climatic conditions, and sufficient water resources. However the growth of rice, wheat, clover and other agricultural crops decreases under the influence of pests, diseases and weeds. This article discusses the effect of salt on plant growth and biological characteristics



Keywords
alcohol, starch, perfume, glue, cardboard,



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