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Abstract


THE INVESTIGATION OF THE PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS DOING AND NOT DOING PHYSICAL EXERCISE

The aim of this study is to investigate problem solving skills of the high school students who do physical exercise and who don’t do it. This study also researches different variables affecting problem solving skills such as age, gender, income level of the families, the exercise period and education level of themselves and their parents. The study based on the criteria of voluntariness was perfomed on the students doing and not doing sport in Gaziantep in 2019-2020 education year. 421 one students participated in the study. The missing or false measurements were excluded from the study. The study was completed by 357 students (172 girls and 185 boys). The data were collected using ‘Problem Solving Skill Questionaire’ devoloped by Heppner and adapted into Turkish by Şahin. Data analysis was performed by SPSS statistics software 22.0 version. In conclusion, the study showed that problem solving skills of the high school students who participated in the study was evaluated as positive. When the students were compared in terms of gender, it was seen that boys’ problem solving skills were higher than girls. There were no significant differences between the students in terms of age, education level and income level of their parents. It was showed that the students doing physical exercise were beter at problem solving skills than those not doing sport. Also, when the students doing sport were compared with each other, the students with long exercise period had better problem solving skills. Although no difference was found between the students in terms of mothers’ education level, the students whose fathers had higher education level had important differences in their problem solving skills. Consequently, doing physical exercise provide the students to improve their problem solving skills.



Keywords
Sport, Problem Solving Skills, High School



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