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Abstract


TURKISH SUBMARINE FORCE AS BACKBONE OF TURKISH NAVY’S DETERRENCE TODAY AND IN THE NEAR FUTURE

Important of geopolitical and geostrategic alteration has affected negatively Turkey in the seas surrounding Turkey in the recent years. While the fragile structure of the region poses a threat to peace and stability, it increases the importance of deterrence. Reasons such as the emergence of blok aganist Turkey in the Eastern Mediterranean and to create asymmetry, the risk of facing great powers make the deterrence of the Turkish Navy dependent on cost-effective platforms that have the potential to achieve asymmetrical achievements. The need to achive asymmetrical achivements increases the importance of the deterrence of the Turkish Submarine Force compared to the Turkish surface combatants. In the Black Sea, the deterrence aganist Russian irredentism should be increased by restoring the balance of power deteriorated in favor of the Russian Federation. It is seen that submarines are the most effective solution to the strategy of Anti Access/Area Denial implemented by Russia in the Black Sea. On the other hand, the emergence of unstoppable weapons such as hypersonic anti-ship missiles and game-changer ultra long-range subsonic anti-ship missiles will threaten surface combatants more than submarines. In addition, submarines will be less affected by the increased threat of air forces aganist surface combatants with the development of long range air-to-surface anti-ship missiles and the emergence of fifth generation jet fighters. These factors make the Turkish Submarine Force the Backbone of the Turkish Navy today and at least in the near feature.



Keywords
Deterrence, Submarine, Turkish Submarine Force, Turkish Navy



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