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Abstract


TURKISH OCAKS AS A CULTURAL INSTITUTION FROM ESTABLISHMENT TO CLOSURE

II. The longest life of the associations established during the constitutional period and serving the purpose of “Turkishness” was “Turkish Ocaks”. II. After the constitutional monarchy, both Muslim and non-Muslim communities within the Ottoman Empire embarked on an independence movement. At the same time, the Balkan wars that took place enabled the Ottoman administrators to turn towards Turkism. In order to create and direct the Turkish nationalism movement, II. In the constitutional period, organizations such as the Turkish Association, and then the Turkish Dormitory Society, occurred. Turkish Ocaks were the most effective and long-lived among these organizations. Turkish Ocaks made important contributions to the process of establishing a "national state" before and after the establishment of the Republic. Turkish Ocaks closed by dissolving themselves in the negative political conditions caused by the transition to multi-party life attempts to be realized with the Free Republican Party. Turkish Ocaks had approximately 247 branches until 1931. Turkish Ocaks played active roles in these branches, as well as the national struggle and subsequent Republican period. He supported the application of Atatürk.



Keywords
Turkish Ocaks, Turkism, Nationalism.



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