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Abstract


YÜZME SPORU İLE İLGİLENEN LİSANSLI SPORCULARIN SPORA ÖZGÜ BAŞARI VE MOTİVASYONLARININ İNCELENMESİ

The aim of the research is to examine the sports-specific success and motivation levels of athletes doing swimming. The research group consists of 161 athletes, 75.2% male and 24.8% female. The data collection tool, which is developed by Willis (1982) and adapted to Turkish by Tiryaki and Gödelek (1997), is a 40-item Success Motivation in Sport Scale (SÖBMÖ). Descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA were applied in the analysis of the data. Bonferroni and Tamhane were used to determine the differences between the groups. Significance level was determined as .05. According to the findings obtained as a result of the research; It has been determined that there is no significant difference between sport-specific success and motivation scale and sub-dimensions and gender variable. However, when the scores obtained from the total of the scale were examined, it was seen that the level of success and motivation of male athletes was higher than that of female athletes. It was observed that there was a significant difference between the sub-dimensions of the sport-specific success and motivation scale and the mean scores obtained from the total of the scale, and the variables of age and working time with the same coach. While it was determined that there was a significant difference between the approach to success and avoidance of success and the variable of education, there was no significant difference in the scale of the scale and in showing strength. It was observed that there was a significant difference between the motivation to approach success sub-dimension and the duration of being a licensed athlete. However, it was observed that there was no significant difference between showing strength, avoidance of success sub-dimensions and mean score obtained from the total of the scale and duration of being a licensed athlete. In addition, it was seen that there was a significant difference between the average of achievement, avoidance of success sub-dimensions and scale, and how many different coaches you worked with. However, it was observed that there was no significant difference between the mean score obtained from the motivation sub-dimension and how many different coaches you worked with. As a result of the research, it was determined that athletes engaged in swimming sports had high success and motivation specific to sports. In addition, as a result of the average score of the participants, it was observed that the athletes' motivation to avoid success was above the middle level. As a result of the overall score received by the swimmers who participated in the research; It has been determined that swimmers' sports-specific success and motivation levels are above the middle level.



Keywords
Sports psychology, swimming, success, motivation, motivation of success in sports



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