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Abstract


AN ANALYSIS OF ANCIENT GREEK MUSIC THEORY AND THE ARMONY CONCEPT

Ancient Greek music theory is the basis of European, Western and largely world musicology. Most of them, including the basic concepts and terms used by the science of music, have been borrowed directly from ancient Greek music teaching. Among them - harmony, tone, diatonic, melody, lament (ode), rhythm, meter, arsis, bass, sharps, hemiola, canon, starter, homophony, troparion, psalm, system, technique, triton, tetrakord, iambic, mod names (Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, etc.). The words themselves - music, theory are from Greek origin. The conceptual mechanism of science and the methods of musical-theoretical thinking were directly transferred from the Greeks to the Western music theory. We can say that the structure of Greek music theory is preserved to a certain extent in the West. The concept of harmony is valid not only in music, but also in the arts as the most important science. The harmonic concept, which came from the time of the Pythagorean, always appears in many philosophical teachings. By category, harmony implies the forces of fixing, merging and bonding, as things can exist and develop in general. In this sense, the explanation of the ancient Pythagorean philosophy is true that the world will collapse without harmony.



Keywords
Ancient Greece, Music Theory, Harmony, Pythagoras



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