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Abstract


LEGAL STATUS OF HAGIA SOPHIA IN DILEMMA MUSEUM AND MOSQUE

It’s seen that the demands and discussions of Hagia Sophia Mosque, which came to the agenda on the occasion of the conquest of Istanbul every year on May 29, have gained more intensity by 2020. It should be noted that, behind this in addition to the support of the Government on this issue, under the decision of the Council of Ministers dated November 24, 1934, which turned the Hagia Sophia Mosque into a museum, an allegation that the signature of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (as a president) is false is also included in the agenda of the 10th Department of the Council of State (Danıştay). Hagia Sophia, which was used as a church for 916 years from the year 537 when it was built and put into service, was converted into a museum as a symbol of Istanbul as a symbol of the “Kılıç Hakkı” and Istanbul as an Islamic town by Fatih Sultan Mehmet Han in 1453. It served as a mosque for 482 years. The fact that humanity is a common cultural heritage does not change the fact that Hagia Sophia is essentially a temple. It is clear that the re-opening of Hagia Sophia to worship, as well as the structures that serve as places of worship, although they are considered as common cultural heritage in the world, will not prevent him from being counted from the world cultural heritage. In this context, it’s useful to examine the ways and methods in which this magnificent temple, which has a very high religious, historical, cultural and symbolic value, can be reopened as a mosque after 85 years.



Keywords
Hagia Sophia, Mosque, Council of Ministers, Foundation Charter, Sword Right.



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