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Abstract


BASIC PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT APHORISMS AND SOLUTIONS TO TODAY’S EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS IN THIS CONTEXT

Experiences that societies brought from the depths of history provide directions to their future. Many of these accumulations have been poured into words by intellectual people that spring from societies and have been transferred from one generation to another in time. As one of the main agendas of the societies is education, the proportion of aphorisms uttered in this field is quite high. Many people have directed his education by taking inspiration from these aphorisms words. It was told by intellectuals Eflatun, Sokrates, Albert Einstein, Bernard Shaw, Aristo, Hz. Ali, Cervantes, Galileo Galilei, Konfüçyus, Montaigne, Atatürk, Platon, Mark Twain, Friedrich Nietzsche belonging to it is possible to come across dozens of aphorisms about education. The aim of the study is to determine the basic principles of education based on aphorisms articulated by intellectuals around the world from the past to the present and to produce solutions to today’s problems in education. Within the scope of qualitative research, the resources that contain aphorisms were scanned and data were obtained by document analysis method. The collected data were evaluated by content analysis. According to the findings from aphorisms, the most basic elements of education are the humaneness of educators, teaching universal values in education, creation of motivation based on self-confidence in the individual, and the need to obtain skills rather than knowledge.



Keywords
Self-Confidence, Motivation, Contribution, Aphorism, Education



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