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Abstract


Comparison with Kyrgyz of the Making Subardinate Clause Process Proving the Functional Equivalance of {ol-} and {i-} Verbs in Turkish

In the literature, it is said that grammatical units such as {i-}, {ol-}, {bulun-}, {-DIr} fulfill a similar function under the concept of "substantive verb" in various uses. This study is carried out considering the verbs of {i-} as well as {ol-}, which can especially be used instead of it in the process of creating a clause. The substantive verb of {i-}, which has been observed in the Old Anatolian Turkish since early times, seems to be become used rarely as a voice in modern Turkish. When a main sentence including the verb of {i-} is transformed into a subordinate clause, it is observed that it transfers its function to the verb of {ol-}, in other verbs, it turns into the verb of {ol-} in a sense. This reminds the question whether {ol-} fills the opening left by the disappearance of {i-}, which is in the process of losing its substance or probably disappearing gradually in its historical process. While searching for an answer to this question, for the findings to be comprehensive, this study also focuses on how {ol-} is used with different tenses, modes or aspects as a reflection of {i-} in the process of transforming into subordinate clauses. On the other hand, the findings currently seen in modern Turkish has been compared with Kyrgyz, and examined whether similar uses can be observed while transforming a main clause into a subordinate one. With the findings reached in this preliminary study, it is aimed to create a basis for further studies, by means of which other Turkic languages can be compared and studied.



Keywords
Turkish, Kyrgyz, auxiliary verb, transforming subordinate clause, {i-}, {ol-}



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