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Abstract


EXPERIENCING A PANDEMIC AS A WOMAN: UNEQUAL NATURE OF DOMESTIC SPHERE IN THE TIME OF COVID-19

The Covid-19 epidemic, which emerged in December 2019, affected the whole world, caused millions of people to catch the virus and the death of hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. After World Healh Organization decleared it as pandemic, Turkey as many other countries has taken various radical decisions to prevent the virus from spreading. In this process, schools were closed and online education was started, remote work was put into practice, a curfew was imposed for those under 18 and over 65 years of age, the curfew was imposed during Ramadan and weekend holidays, and many other pracautions were taken. This process brought along various problems for all social groups. Undoubtedly, women are among the groups most affected by the pandemic process.The study was conducted between 18-30 May 2020 by using Google forms, with the participation of 413 women. Participants were sent a link to the questionnaire form via Facebook, WhatsApp and e-mail. According to the main findings of the study, there has been an increase in the time allocated to domestic work (cooking, washing, washing, ironing, helping children with care and homework, etc.), mostly done by women before the epidemic. In addition to these domostic works, with the time spent for the hygiene of the products taken to the house, the workload of women has increased dramatically. Working remotely has been particularly challenging for mothers with young children / school-age children because of the increasing domestic workload of women. The women participating in the study emphasized that concepts such as working day, working hours and lunchbreak have disappeared, and it is difficult to define the boundary between housework requirements and occupational requirements. Although not many, some participants stated that for the first time they were subjected to violence by their spouses during the epidemic and that their discussions with their spouses increased. It is among the findings of the study that in this process, women's experiences are limited to familial roles, their work efficiency decreases, and they experience an increase in adjustment and health problems.



Keywords
Covid-19,Pandemia, domestic labor, women, remote work,violence against women



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