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Diplomatic Practice Of The Kazakh Khanate And Independent Kazakhstan: Comparative Analysis

The authors analyzed the diplomatic practice of the Kazakh Khanate and independent Kazakhstan. Based on the works Kussainova A. and Gusarova A. try to describe the main diplomatic actors – the khans, sultans, biys, diplomats and the First President of sovereign Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev – which in their foreign-policy activity were used such diplomatic methods as the conclusion of inter-dynasty marriages, the use of interstate and intrastate conflicts, searching and finding allies, representation of amanats in the past and establish economical and political agreements, held multi-vector policy in nowadays.

The khans, sultans, biys, amanat, agreement


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