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Abstract


EXAMINATION OF GUSTAV KLIMT AND EGON SCHIELE'S WORK IN CONTEXT OF OBJECT-SUBJECT RELATIONSHIP

Art, which has emerged with the history of humanity, has developed in the historical process and has evolved with a human-specific ability. Art gave importance to beauty, that is, to the science of aesthetics. The science of aesthetics, which examines the artist as the subject, the work of art as the aesthetic object, and the receptive subject, has renewed itself in line with the concepts. The reason for this renewal is that the concept of beauty has changed over time. Pursuing the idea of seeing the beautiful in ugliness has brought new quests to the science of aesthetics and reshaped the aesthetic value. In art, which is based on thought and emotion, the creativity of the artist, that is, the subject, has been in harmony with his life. The values of the object, the attitude of the subject towards the object, the reconsideration of the traces of life by the subject and the shaping of the object revealed the creativity level of the subject. As subjects, Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele are two artists who have expressed many things about life in different formal languages. Symbolist painter Gustav Klimt prioritized ornamentation in his works. He saw the image of woman as a symbol of beauty and touched on themes such as birth and death by using the image of woman in his works. Expressionist painter Egon Schiele, who saw Gustav Klimt as his master, took the negative aspects of life as a basis and blended his thoughts with the events he had lived to create unhappy, hopeless, depressed and sickly figures. He discovered beauty in the ugly, harmonizing with his erotic paintings. Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele produced very important works in their own style. The works they have produced have given the audience information about themselves, their own life, thoughts and feelings, while at the same time making them question the concept of beauty again. The aim of this study is to examine the works of Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, to examine the relationship between the subject's attitude to the object and the object to the subject.



Keywords
Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, art, aesthetics, subject, object



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