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Abstract


THE ISSUE OF FREEDOM IN SOREN KIERKEGAARD AND FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE

In this article, the thoughts of existentialist philosophers Soren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche who discuss freedom from different perspectives will be evaluated. Described as the founder of existential philosophy, Kierkegaard built his own thought on the freedom and choices of the individual based on the possibility that the self is a synthesis. On the other hand, the real choices of the individual grounded in hopelessness and anxiety and/or logic are presented in the aesthetic and ethical existence stages, while in the eternal surrender, faith, and God relationship, they are presented in the religious existence stage. The individual constructs their own self by revealing their freedom in different ways and levels in the field of existence to which they belong. On the other hand, Nietzsche, unlike Kierkegaard, placed the superman, being and life, who can create their own values freely on the way to human freedom, in the center of his philosophy instead of God and his values, which are ultimately reached through eternal surrender. In his philosophy, Nietzsche reveals the necessity of freeing the life of man from all the values that belong to the herd people and preventing him from being himself and affirming it freely with all aspects of life. As a result, in the philosophies of both thinkers, freedom appears as an important element in the creation of one's own self. Being able to choose and reveal oneself as required by existence is possible with freedom. In this direction, the purpose of the article is to compare the thoughts of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche on freedom in terms of existential philosophy.



Keywords
S. Kierkegaard, F. Nietzsche, Existence, Self, Freedom, Hopelessness, Overman (Übermensch), Amor fati, Eternal Return.



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