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Abstract


HISTORICAL, LEGAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSİONS OF REMOTE WORK INCREASING IN THE COVID 19 PANDEMIC PROCESS

Quality, knowledge and education have become indispensable elements in the information society and post-industrial society. Mechanical technologies, which are valid in the industrial society, have evolved into computer-based production in the information society. As a result, rapid changes took place in labor relations and employment. As a result of these changes, atypical working relationships and flexible working models have emerged. As a matter of fact, "remote working" or “teleworking”, which has a history that can go back to the early 1970s, has become a more applied form of employment with the Covid-19 epidemic. The International Labor Organization (ILO) defines remote working as the use of information and communication technologies (BIT) such as tablets, laptops, desktop computers and smartphones in work done outside the employer's premises. When the definition of remote work is examined, three basic elements emerge as "space", "technology" and "organization". The basis of the legal regulations for remote working is based on the effort to establish the application area of this atypical employment form on appropriate foundations. Therefore, being able to organize remote work individually or collectively makes it necessary to examine it in terms of labor law. On the other hand, the form of responsibility sharing in terms of occupational health and safety should also be addressed. In this study, while the legal and economic dimensions of remote working are analyzed in detail, the benefits and drawbacks for employees, employers and the public are discussed



Keywords
Remote working, Labor market, Labor law



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