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Abstract


THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL TAXES AND ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT: EVIDENCE ON TURKEY

The aim of the study is to empirically examine the effects of environmental taxes, fossil and renewable energy consumption, GDP per capita, urbanization rate and environmental technologies patents on environmental pollution in Turkey. The data cover the period 1994-2017. The ecological footprint ratio, which has been popular in recent years, is used to represent environmental pollution. In the analysis part of the study, time series regression analysis is applied depending on the data set structure. According to the findings obtained from the analysis, environmental taxes increase the ecological footprint. It is noteworthy that environmental taxes, which are expected to reduce environmental pollution, cause environmental degradation. While the effect of GDP per capita, which has a significant effect on the ecological footprint, is positive, the effect of renewable energy consumption is negative. In other words, renewable energy consumption contributes to the improvement of environmental quality by reducing the ecological footprint. It is determined that the effects of patents on environmental technologies, urban population growth rate and fossil fuel energy consumption are not statistically significant. The results indicate that environmental taxes should be regulated to increase environmental quality and the importance of renewable energy sources.



Keywords
Environmental Taxes, Ecological Footprint, Environmental Pollution



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