Comparative Analyses Of Local Government: Case Of Afghanistan, India And Türkiye

Author:

Year-Number: 2022-59
Number of pages: 1733-1743
Mendeley EndNote Alıntı Yap

Abstract

This study analyses the systems of local government in Afghanistan, India and Türkiye. Despite of many efforts the local government in Afghanistan has still remained vulnerable and inefficient, India on the other hand as a country with a high population has built their local government based on the country’s ancient populist structures which has proved to be very efficient. Türkiye which is a country with the experience of local government practices from the times of Ottoman Empires to the current day’s republic has been able to positively improvise the local government system of the Ottoman era and make it more useful. Based on above facts this thesis studies the local government systems in terms of their concept, history, structure, public participation and local autonomy in the mentioned countries in order to find out why the local government in Afghanistan has been inefficient, why Indian local government system has proved to be very successful and how the Turkish local government system managed to be more efficient despite of having a strong centralized system of government. The findings of the research show that Afghanistan has never experienced a government that shows willingness to share their power with local authorities for this reason the country has always suffered from ineffectual local government system. While in India the authorities have been able to successfully incorporate their ancient populist structures into their legal governmental system which has proved to be very useful for the country. Türkiye is also found to have been able to build a functional local government system by changing the elitism approach of the Ottomans to the popularism approach of the republicans

Keywords

Abstract

This study analyses the systems of local government in Afghanistan, India and Türkiye. Despite of many efforts the local government in Afghanistan has still remained vulnerable and inefficient, India on the other hand as a country with a high population has built their local government based on the country’s ancient populist structures which has proved to be very efficient. Türkiye which is a country with the experience of local government practices from the times of Ottoman Empires to the current day’s republic has been able to positively improvise the local government system of the Ottoman era and make it more useful. Based on above facts this thesis studies the local government systems in terms of their concept, history, structure, public participation and local autonomy in the mentioned countries in order to find out why the local government in Afghanistan has been inefficient, why Indian local government system has proved to be very successful and how the Turkish local government system managed to be more efficient despite of having a strong centralized system of government. The findings of the research show that Afghanistan has never experienced a government that shows willingness to share their power with local authorities for this reason the country has always suffered from ineffectual local government system. While in India the authorities have been able to successfully incorporate their ancient populist structures into their legal governmental system which has proved to be very useful for the country. Türkiye is also found to have been able to build a functional local government system by changing the elitism approach of the Ottomans to the popularism approach of the republicans

Keywords