Journal Policies and Legal Aspects

Statement Not to Be a Predatory Journal

JOSHAS journal, according to the decision numbered 2021.18.643 about Predatory / Questionable Journals taken at the General Assembly of Higher Education on 07.03.2019 and at its session dated 30 December 2021 and numbered 2021.18, It is meticulously complied with the decision that it will not be counted as an associate professor" and that it can be evaluated especially in applications for associate professorship. For this reason, our journal, which has been publishing since 2015, always clearly states that it is in the category of journals that receive a fee, regardless of the acceptance/rejection condition, during the article application, both on the website and in the informative e-mails sent to the authors. In this context, we declare that our journal, which has the status of an international peer-reviewed journal, is not a predatory/shady journal, and it acts in accordance with the decisions of YÖK in particular.


All articles published in the JOSHAS Journal are freely accessible to scientists and readers.

After the articles are published, they become available. Every visitor to the journal page can easily access the published articles from the archive section. Each of the visitors has the opportunity to download or print the pdf files of the articles on their computers.

The publication of the article is possible with a publication fee paid by the author at the article acceptance stage, and the copyright of the published works is deemed to have been transferred to the JOSHAS Journal.

Articles are published under the Creative Commons Attribution License, and readers can reuse the material by attribution, provided that they comply with the reference rules. Therefore, there is no need for another author to request permission from the journal publisher or article author to cite or share the published work.


JOSHAS Journal editors may offer waivers and discounts to writers in developing countries (Research4Life Country) who submit publications in the journal. If the authors in the countries determined by the decision of the editorial board for waivers and discounts report their requests to the Journal in writing, their requests will be evaluated by the editorial board.


Once an article has been published in JOSHAS Journal, the editors and editorial board strongly encourage authors to archive the original article text (pdfs from journal web site/archive) in publicly available and permanent repositories whenever possible and appropriate. The Journal makes no recommendation or suggestion as to which repositories are most appropriate but encourages authors to identify those which best meet their needs as well as the needs of those who will be accessing the data.


XXX Journal provides information about shared personal data (author and referee names; e-mail and contact information, etc.) in no way shares with third party persons or institutions


JOSHAS Journal adheres to international policies against plagiarism. It uses CrossCheck platform, Plagiarism, iThenticate and Turnitin for plagiarism detection. The articles uploaded to JOSHAS Journal are first checked for plagiarism by a member of the editorial team before being sent to the referees.

Plagiarism is the exposing of another person’s thoughts or words as though they were your own, without permission, credit, or acknowledgement, or because of failing to cite the sources properly. Plagiarism can take diverse forms, from literal copying to paraphrasing the work of another. In order to properly judge whether an author has plagiarized, we emphasize the following possible situations:

An author can literally copy another author’s work- by copying word by word, in whole or in part, without permission, acknowledge or citing the original source. This practice can be identified by comparing the original source and the manuscript/work who is suspected of plagiarism.

Substantial copying implies for an author to reproduce a substantial part of another author, without permission, acknowledge or citation. The substantial term can be understood both in terms of quality as quantity, being often used in the context of Intellectual property. Quality refers to the relative value of the copied text in proportion to the work as a whole.

Paraphrasing involves taking ideas, words or phrases from a source and crafting them into new sentences within the writing. This practise becomes unethical when the author does not properly cite or does not acknowledge the original work/author. This form of plagiarism is the more difficult form to be identified.


JOSHAS Journal is a double-blind peer-reviewed international academic journal. A minimum of three peer reviewers, who are recognized specialists specific to the topic and area of the submissions, are appointed by the editors. All peer review reports are electronically and anonymously delivered to the contributors. Reviewers' names are withheld by the journal to protect the integrity of the double-blind peer-review process. Upon request, written reports can be provided to the reviewer that attests to their contribution. All published authors accept to act as reviewers for future issues.

Peer review is the founding mechanism of academic endeavour. Peer review helps editors make decisions in dialogue with authors. Authors gain important insights about their works and find the chance to develop their work by dint of criticism ensconced in the reviewers’ reports and comments.

Publication decisions

The editors and the publisher formally assure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication to undergo peer-review by at least three reviewers who are specialists in their field. After the completion of the review process, the Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers, the reviewers’ comments, and such legal requirements as are currently in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Editor-in-Chief may get advice from other editors or reviewers in making this decision.


A referee invited for review should immediately report on his/her availability and those who feel unqualified to review the research should inform the editor about their decisions as soon as possible.


Manuscripts delivered to the referees should be treated as confidential documents. The manuscripts should not be shown to others, nor their contents should be discussed publicly. Only under the explicit authorization by the Editor-in-Chief, a reviewer can seek advice from her colleagues. The Editor-in-Chief will give this permission only under exceptional conditions. This rule also concerns the persons who declined to take part in the process as a referee.

Standards of objectivity

Personal critiques oriented towards the manuscripts’ authors is not an appropriate manner of conduct. Reviews should follow an objective procedure in their reports and upon the acceptance of referee duty, they accept that their comments are evidently supported by arguments that are of help to the authors in improving their work.

Acknowledgement of sources

Reviewers have a duty to report to the authors any published work that is not part of the authors’ references. A reviewer should pay particular attention to the works in the field that are not cited by the authors or overlaps between different works. A reviewer should notify the editors regarding similarity with any other previously published work, or other manuscripts they have a knowledge of.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Any invited referee who has conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the manuscript and the work described therein should immediately notify the editors to declare their conflicts of interest and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.

Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the authors. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for the reviewer’s personal advantage. This applies also to invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.

Ethics Committee Report

JOSHAS Journal request “ETHICS COMMITTEE REVIEW” for all kinds of scientific research and studies related to data collection methods such as “human, society and human interaction with historical artefacts and cultural assets to be conducted on the survey, test, scale, interview, observation, computer environment test, video/film recording and voice recording”.

What we require of authors

In all manuscripts (of either completed studies or study protocols) describing research on human subjects (irrespective of study design), we require authors to provide the following information. In the case of studies that have been reviewed by an ethics review committee, we require an explicit statement at the end of the Methods section stating that the study has been approved by a legally constituted ethics committee and giving the name and study reference of the committee. Study protocols must be accompanied by a copy of the approval letter submitted along with the manuscript. In the case of studies that have been exempted from review, we require an explicit statement at the end of the Methods section stating that the study has been submitted to a legally constituted ethics committee and deemed exempt from review and giving the name and study reference of the committee. If this process has not been conducted by an ethics committee, then we require a copy of the letter detailing the permissions; depending on the provenance of the letter, we may need to ask for further clarification. If we judge that the author of the letter did not appropriately fulfil the role of an ethics committee, then we will require the author to submit the study to a legally constituted ethics committee. In such cases, we will not take any further decisions until either the study is approved or deemed exempt from review. If a study has not been submitted to a legally constituted ethics committee, then we will require authors to submit it and will not take any further decisions until either it is approved or the committee deems it exempt from review. The subsequent decision should be recorded in an explicit statement at the end of the Methods section stating that the study has been submitted to a legally constituted ethics committee, report the committee name, the decision, and study reference of the committee.

The Key Principles of Ethical Research are

The emotional well-being, physical well-being, rights, dignity and personal values of research participants should be secured; Research participants and contributors should be fully informed regarding the purpose, methods and end-use of the research. They should be clear on what their participation involves and any risks that are associated with the process. These risks should be clearly articulated and if possible quantified; Research participants must participate in a voluntary way, free from coercion. Participants have the right to withdraw at any time; Research must be independent and any conflicts of interest or partiality must be explicit; Normally information provided by the participants should be anonymous. At all times confidentiality must be assured.


JOSHAS Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0 License.  JOSHAS Journal allows to users to copy, distribute and transmit an article, adapt the article as long as the author is attributed and the article is not used for commercial purposes.


The articles published in JOSHAS Journal are copyrighted by the journal. For this reason, the authors accept the option to transfer copyright before submitting an article to the journal.

The copyright in this website and the material on this website (including without limitation the text, computer code, artwork, photographs, images, music, audio material, video material and audio-visual material on this website) is owned by JOSHAS Journal.

All articles published by JOSHAS journal are licensed under the Creative Commons 4.0 License. This permits anyone to copy, redistribute, remix, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited.

JOSHAS Journal does not grant you any other rights in relation to this website or the material on this website.   In other words, all other rights are reserved.

For the avoidance of doubt, you must not adapt, edit, change, transform, publish, republish, distribute, redistribute, broadcast, rebroadcast or show or play in public this website or the material on this website (in any form or media) without appropriately and conspicuously citing the original work and source or JOSHAS Journal prior written permission.